This Week In History
By Robert Sullivan
Who is Robert Sullivan?
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All Saints’ Day, also known as All Hallows’ Day, is a Christian festival celebrated in honor of all the saints.
In 1947, Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" (flying boat) flew for the first and only time in Long Beach Harbor, California. It soared 70 feet off of the ground for about a mile. Hughes built, flew, and designed this eight-engine, 200-ton wood plane which was the biggest in the world, at the time. It’s expenses totaled to $25 million.
In 1957, Soviet Russia sent a dog named Laika into outer space, in the capsule Sputnik II, making her the first animal in space.
In 1922, after countless years of research and exploration, British archaeologist --Howard Carter-- found King Tut's tomb in Luxor, Egypt.
In 1733, John Peter Zenger published the first issue of the New York Weekly Journal. During Colonial America, he worked as a printer and journalist.
In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected President of The United States. As the first Republican and 16th president, he is widely known for his issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation, which abolished slavery.
In 1967, Carl Stokes was elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. He became the first African-American mayor in U.S. history.
In 1895, Wilhelm Roentgen discovered electromagnetic rays (X-Rays) at the University of Wuerzburg in Germany.
In 1965, the Night of the Broken Glass, or Kristallnacht, commenced in Germany. This was the night where people burned and destroyed Jewish shops, houses, and synagogues.
In 1775, the U.S. Marine Corps was created as a section of the U.S. Navy. In 1789, the Marine Corps became its own unit.
This is Veteran’s Day in the United States. People pay their tributes to former and current members of the military on this holiday.
In 1974, due to the apartheid, South Africa was suspended by the U.N. General Assembly.
In 1927, the Holland Tunnel was open to transportation, becoming the first underwater tunnel in the U.S. The Holland Tunnel was constructed under the Hudson River.
In 1840, Claude Monet, a famous, French artist was born. He developed impressionism through his works of art which include the Haystacks, Poplars, and Rouen Cathedral series.